Bipartisan infrastructure law to fund billions in Indian water right settlements

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Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland announced February 22 that the Department of Interior will fulfill the settlements of Indian water right claims Opens in a new tab.using funding from President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law.

The infrastructure legislation invests more than $13 billion directly in Tribal communities across the country and makes Tribal communities eligible for billions more in much-needed investments, says the Department of Interior. The funds include $2.5 billion to implement the Indian Water Rights Settlement Completion Fund, which will “help deliver long-promised water resources to Tribes, certainty to all their non-Indian neighbors, and a solid foundation for future economic development for entire communities dependent on common water resources.”

$1.7 Billion to be Allocated This Year.

This year, the Department will allocate funds from the infrastructure law to enacted settlements that have outstanding federal payments necessary to complete their terms.  Coupled with monies in the Reclamation Water Settlement Fund created by Congress in 2009, $1.7 billion will be funded to the following Tribes and settlements:

  • Aamodt Litigation Settlement (Pueblos of San Ildefonso, Nambe, Pojoaque, and Tesuque)
  • Blackfeet Nation
  • Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes
  • Crow Nation
  • Gila River Indian Community
  • Navajo-Utah Water Rights Settlement
  • Navajo-Gallup Water Supply Project
  • San Carlos Apache Nation
  • Tohono O’odham Nation
  • White Mountain Apache Tribe

“Water is a sacred resource, and water rights are crucial to ensuring the health, safety and empowerment of Tribal communities. With this crucial funding from President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, the Interior Department will be able to uphold our trust responsibilities and ensure that Tribal communities receive the water resources they have long been promised,” said Secretary HaalandOpens in a new tab.. “I am grateful that Tribes, some of whom have been waiting for this funding for decades, are finally getting the resources they are owed.”

The Reclamation Water Settlement Fund was created by Congress in 2009 and receives $120 million in mandatory funding annually from 2020 through 2029. Pending congressional action on the President’s FY 2022 budget, additional Tribes will also see investments to address ongoing federal obligations such as operation, maintenance, and repair costs under existing settlements.

Indian Water Settlement Approval Process; Implementation Strategy.

There are 34 congressionally enacted Indian water wights settlements as of November 15, 2021, when the Infrastructure Law was signed. Indian reserved water rights are vested property rights for which the United States has a trust responsibility. Federal policy supports the resolution of disputes regarding Indian water rights through negotiated settlements. Settlement of Indian water rights disputes breaks down barriers and helps create conditions that improve water resources management by providing certainty as to the rights of all water users who are parties to the disputes.

As part of the implementation strategy, the “Indian Water Rights Settlement Completion Fund Executive Committee” has been established.  The Committee includes the Commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation, Chairperson of the Working Group on Indian Water Settlements, Director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Assistant Secretaries of Water and Science and Indian Affairs, and the Solicitor. The Executive Committee will recommend future allocations of the remainder of the Completion Fund to the Secretary based on current project needs.


Since 1995, Deborah has owned and operated LegalTech LLC with a focus on water rights. Before moving to Arizona in 1986, she worked as a quality control analyst for Honeywell and in commercial real estate, both in Texas. She learned about Arizona's water rights from the late and great attorney Michael Brophy of Ryley, Carlock & Applewhite. Her side interests are writing (and reading), Wordpress programming and much more.

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Justine Weber
Justine Weber
March 13, 2022 3:33 pm
Of course GRIC and SCAT are on this list.

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